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Authentic evaluation of educational achievement directly measures actual performance in the subject area. Standardized multiple-choice tests, on the other hand, measure test-taking skills directly, and everything else indirectly or not at all. Also called performance assessment, appropriate assessment, alternative assessment, or direct assessment, authentic evaluations include a variety of techniques such as written products, portfolios, check lists, teacher observations, and group projects. All forms of authentic assessment can be summarized numerically or put on a scale to make it possible to combine individual results and to meet state and federal requirements for comparable quantitative data. Authentic assessment, developed in the arts and apprenticeship systems, is today most widely used in evaluating writing. Similar approaches are being developed with open-ended mathematics questions. Authentic assessments are also being developed for science, history and social studies, and reading. Assistance in the evaluation process by community groups, parents, administrators, and university faculty will help ensure that racial and cultural biases do not distort the assessment process. Authentic evaluation can provide more information than any multiple-choice test possibly could. As they promote the thinking curriculum everyone wants for children, authentic evaluations will provide genuine accountability. (SLD)

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Accountability, Achievement Tests, Check Lists, Definitions, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Performance Based Assessment, Portfolios (Background Materials), Standardized Tests, Student Evaluation, Thinking Skills, Writing Evaluation

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Autor: National Center for Fair and Open Testing FairTest, Cambridge, MA.

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=11874&id=ED352373

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