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Reference: Sancton, Andrew, (1978). Governing Montreal. DPhil. University of Oxford.Citable link to this page:


Governing Montreal Subtitle: The impact of French-English differences on metropolitan politics

Abstract: In comparison with Toronto and Winnipeg, structural reform ofmetropolitan governmental institutions in Montreal has taken considerablylonger and has been far less comprehensive. Why? The mainobjective of this thesis is to answer this question. The answer centresmainly on the existence of two major linguistic communities--a conditionnot present in the other two cities.The thesis suggests that there have been three differentvarieties of motivational factors behind the metropolitan reform movementin Montreal: 1) the need to establish new metropolitan institutionsto respond to particular crises resulting from the breakdown of localgovernment services; 2) the desire to establish a set of metropolitanstructures which meet the requirements of organizational rationality;and 3) the desire of Quebec nationalists to re-arrange local institutionsin such a way as to eliminate any official recognition of the English-speakingminority.The first variety of factors serves to explain the creation ofthe Montreal Urban Community in 1969. The second variety was behindthe attempts in the early 1970s to restructure municipal boundaries, tointegrate the various municipal police forces, and to re-organize thesocial service network. The third variety has been important primarilyin relation to debates about the re-organization of Montreal's schoolboards. Judging from recent events, it is likely to become even moreapparent in other fields in the near future.Insofar as organizational rationality involves the simplificationof governmental structures, the aims of many Quebec nationalists arelikely to promote this type of reform rather than hinder it. However,in Montreal, unlike Toronto and Winnipeg, reforms justified solely onthe basis of organizational rationality have either not been implementedat all or have been done so in a very slow or modified manner. This canbe explained prinarily in terms of the impact of Montreal's linguisticcleavage.

Type of Award:DPhil Level of Award:Doctoral Awarding Institution: University of Oxford Notes:This thesis was digitised thanks to the generosity of Dr Leonard Polonsky

Bibliographic Details

Issue Date: 1978Identifiers

Urn: uuid:0cd2c4cb-9956-4e30-9833-6a51fa1dee3c

Source identifier: 604788660 Item Description

Type: Thesis;

Language: eng Subjects: Québec (Province) Montréal Metropolitan Area (Québec) Biculturalism Languages Political aspects Politics and government Tiny URL: td:604788660


Autor: Sancton, Andrew - institutionUniversity of Oxford facultyFaculty of Social Studies - - - - Bibliographic Details Issue Date: 1978



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