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Reference: Alula Pankhurst and Agazi Tiumelissan, Beyond urban relocation? : expectations and concerns of children and caregivers in Addis Ababa and Hawassa.Citable link to this page:


Beyond urban relocation? : expectations and concerns of children and caregivers in Addis Ababa and Hawassa Subtitle: Young Lives working paper 126Series: Young Lives Working Papers

Abstract: This paper documents the views of children and their caregivers about an impending relocation (that has been on the cards for a while) in the context of plans for central areas of Addis Ababa and Hawassa to be developed. The findings suggest that most of the children and their caregivers have heard about the planned relocation from various sources. A significant proportion of caregivers mentioned promises made to them, mainly regarding improvements in housing and services, notably water and electricity. However, they did not have any clear idea about the likely timing of the move, an indication that the people most directly concerned have not been sufficiently involved and consulted in the planning process. Some suggested that they would need time to prepare for relocation. A significant proportion of the caregivers and some children know people who have already been moved, confirming that this is a fairly common experience in the two cities. Most children and their caregivers were hopeful that they will experience improvements in housing and sanitation, and girls valued the prospect of having better toilets and kitchens. Some caregivers felt that the new relocation areas would be better for bringing up children. However, children and adults both expressed major misgivings. They feared losing sources of livelihood in informal activities in the city centre and worried about finding a place to live. Some mentioned concerns that services, notably health care and education, would become unavailable, distant, poor quality or unaffordable; others feared the loss of existing close-knit relations with neighbours, friends and relatives. A few, particularly elderly caregivers, were strongly opposed to the relocation. Others, however, were optimistic suggesting that whatever happens they will be better off living elsewhere. The issue of urban development and the resulting relocation has important policy implications. Poor people living in inner city areas would prefer to remain in the same area where their livelihoods are based after the area is redeveloped; reserving part of these areas for housing for the urban poor would therefore be an equitable pro-poor policy. Given their poverty, replacement housing in condominiums or other affordable housing schemes deserve priority since they are unable to build housing on their own. Greater participatory planning, involving not simply transparent, timely advance information and adequate compensation and/or replacement housing, but involvement of communities in the planning and execution of the relocation would be an improvement on the current process. Redevelopment and relocation in stages could also prevent unnecessary excessive disruptions. In the new relocation areas, the development of adequate infrastructure and services, as well as the linkages between housing, livelihood opportunities and recreational facilities, especially for children, deserve greater consideration.

Publication status:PublishedPeer Review status:Reviewed (other)Version:Publisher's versionDigital Origin:Born digital Funder: Department for International Development   Funder: Irish Aid, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade   Funder: Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs   Notes:© Young Lives 2014. All rights reserved. Reproduction, copy, transmission, or translation of any part of this publication may be made only under the following conditions: with the prior permission of the publisher; or with a licence from the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd., 90 Tottenham Court Road, London W1P 9HE, UK, or from another national licensing agency; or under the terms set out below. This publication is copyright, but may be reproduced by any method without fee for teaching or non-profit purposes, but not for resale. Formal permission is required for all such uses, but normally will be granted immediately. For copying in any other circumstances, or for re-use in other publications, or for translation or adaptation, prior written permission must be obtained from the publisher and a fee may be payable.

Bibliographic Details

Publisher: Young Lives

Publisher Website:

Series:Young Lives Working Papers

Copyright Date: 2014-06-06 Identifiers

Isbn: 978-1-909403-40-6

Urn: uuid:0cd58f44-ead8-436e-a75e-c4a02eb33c18 Item Description

Type: Working/Discussion paper;

Language: en

Version: Publisher's versionSubjects: child poverty Tiny URL: ora:9132


Autor: Alula Pankhurst - institutionUniversity of Oxford facultySocial Sciences Division - Queen Eliz



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