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This ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) monograph updates and expands upon earlier ERIC publications on the topic of instructional development (ID) models. This monograph presents a brief history of ID models, describes a taxonomy for classifying them, provides examples from each of the categories in the taxonomy, and describes trends in their content and focus. The 13 models described in the book are representative of the ID literature and reflect most of the main concepts found in other models. Specific models are described and discussed in each of three orientations: (1) classroom--Gerlach and Ely; Kemp, Morrison, and Ross; Heinich, Molenda, Russell, and Smaldino; and Reiser and Dick; (2) product--Van Patten; Leshin, Pollock, and Reigeluth; and Bergman and Moore; and (3) system--IDI (Instructional Development Institute); IPISD (Interservices Procedures for Instructional Systems Development); Diamond; Smith and Ragan; Gentry IPDM (Instructional Project Development and Management); and Dick and Carey. Eighteen figures illustrate the core elements of ID, portrayals of the ID process, Rapid Prototyping model, Layers of Necessity model, taxonomy of ID models based on selected characteristics, and 12 of the 13 reviewed models. An annotated bibliography of ERIC documents and journal articles, in addition to ordering information and background information on ERIC are provided. (Contains 54 references.) (SWC)

Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Curriculum Development, Instructional Design, Instructional Development, Instructional Systems, Models, Organizational Development, Systems Analysis, Systems Approach, Systems Development

Information Resources Publications, Syracuse University, 4-194 Center for Science and Technology, Syracuse, NY 13244-4100.

Autor: Gustafson, Kent L.; Branch, Robert Maribe


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