National Perspectives on Integrated Employment: State MR-DD Agency Trends.Report as inadecuate

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This report details the findings of a national follow-up survey that investigated day and employment services provided by the mental retardation/developmental disabilities (MR/DD) state agencies for FY 1990 and makes comparisons with services provided during FY 1988. Key findings from the survey include: (1) a substantial increase in the percentage of individuals served in integrated employment, from 13 percent in FY 1988 to 19 percent in FY 1990; (2) utilization of sheltered employment and day programs continues to be strong; (3) the total number of persons served in supported employment increased by 58 percent; (4) states that received supported employment change grants had higher supported employment rates; (5) new participants were more likely to be served in competitive and supported employment; (6) the percentage of people waiting for supported employment services was twice as large as the percentage who received supported employment services in FY 1990; (7) 88 percent of individuals served by state MR/DD agencies had mental retardation; and (8) the most commonly cited barriers to integrated employment include funding issues, problems with old style providers, the economy, and lack of suitable training. Appendices include the survey instrument and list of respondents. (Contains 31 references.) (CR)

Descriptors: Adults, Change Agents, Data Collection, Employment Patterns, Employment Services, Mental Retardation, National Surveys, Participant Characteristics, Resistance to Change, Sheltered Workshops, State Agencies, Supported Employment, Vocational Rehabilitation

Author: McGaughey, Martha J.; Kiernan, William E.; McNally, Lorraine C.; Gilmore, Dana S.


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