Social Change, Socio-Economic Status, and the Development of Self-Direction in Children: A Comparison of Russia, Estonia, and the United States.Reportar como inadecuado




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This study used a Vygotskian perspective to compare child rearing values and beliefs of parents, especially in regard to self-directed activities of children, in the United States, Russia, and Estonia. Participating were 60 families, evenly divided by society and social class (middle or working class), each with a child between 28 and 45 months old. Families were located in Greensboro, North Carolina; Obninsk, Russia; and Tartu, Estonia. Interview and questionnaire data were collected from parents, and observational data were obtained from children observed in their everyday activities for 20 hours during 1 week, focusing on academic lessons, skill/nature lesson, play with academic objects, and conversation with adults. Findings indicated that middle-class parents rated self-direction higher, and control and discipline lower, than working-class parents, and were less likely to be concerned with spoiling their children by giving attention than were working-class parents. There were no cultural differences in parent values and beliefs. Children in Obninsk and Tartu were far more likely than those from Greensboro to be involved in skill/nature lesson. Middle-class children were more likely than working-class counterparts to be involved in academic or skill/nature lessons, except in Obninsk, where there were no social class differences in academic lessons. Middle-class children were more likely to initiate the activities of interest than were their working-class counterparts. (Contains 17 references.) (KB)

Descriptors: Child Behavior, Child Rearing, Children, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Foreign Countries, Observation, Parent Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship, Preschool Education, Self Motivation, Social Change, Social Differences, Socioeconomic Status











Autor: Tudge, Jonathan; Hogan, Diane; Tammeveski, Peeter; Kulakova, Natasha; Meltsas, Marika; Snezhkova, Irina; Putnam, Sarah

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=11636&id=ED417019







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