Connecticuts Jobs First Program: An Analysis of Welfare Leavers.Report as inadecuate

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This report focuses on people who entered the Jobs First evaluation when they were applying for or receiving cash assistance in the Manchester and New Haven (Connecticut) Department of Social Services offices between January-June 1996 and who left cash assistance within 18 months after entering the program (before reaching the 21-month time limit). Section II describes methodology used in analyses. Section III reviews the Jobs First program model, highlighting aims and these key program features: time limit, earned income disregard, and mandatory "work first" employment services. Section IV examines baseline characteristics of leavers and non-leavers. Section V presents data on employment, earnings, cash assistance receipt, and Food Stamp use from the quarter before sample members exited from welfare to the fourth quarter after exit. Section VI presents characteristics of leavers at the 18-month interim survey. Section VII examines leavers in relation to the time limit. Section VIII concludes the following: one key effect of Connecticut's unusually generous earned income disregard is that individuals who left welfare for work before reaching the time limit typically had relatively good jobs and did not return to welfare quickly; because of the way the time limit is implemented, sample members who left owing to the time limit were very likely to be employed; a large proportion of leavers lack health insurance; and many leavers have low household incomes. (YLB)

Descriptors: Adult Education, Client Characteristics (Human Services), Economically Disadvantaged, Eligibility, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Financial Support, Low Income, Models, Program Evaluation, State Programs, Welfare Agencies, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services

Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, New York 10016; Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: For full text:

Author: Melton, Laura; Bloom, Dan


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