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Reference: Wangdi, K, Kaewkungwal, J, Singhasivanon, P et al., (2011). Spatio-temporal patterns of malaria infection in Bhutan: a country embarking on malaria elimination. Malaria journal, 10 (1), 89.Citable link to this page:

 

Spatio-temporal patterns of malaria infection in Bhutan: a country embarking on malaria elimination.

Abstract: BACKGROUND: At the verge of elimination of malaria in Bhutan, this study was carried out to analyse the trend of malaria in the endemic districts of Bhutan and to identify malaria clusters at the sub-districts. The findings would aid in implementing the control activities. Poisson regression was performed to study the trend of malaria incidences at district level from 1994 to 2008. Spatial Empirical Bayesian smoothing was deployed to identify clusters of malaria at the sub-district level from 2004 to 2008. RESULTS: Trend of the overall districts and most of the endemic districts have decreased except Pemagatshel, which has an increase in the trend. Spatial cluster-outlier analysis showed that malaria clusters were mostly concentrated in the central and eastern Bhutan in three districts of Dagana, Samdrup Jongkhar and Sarpang. The disease clusters were reported throughout the year. Clusters extended to the non-transmission areas in the eastern Bhutan. CONCLUSIONS: There is significant decrease in the trend of malaria with the elimination at the sight. The decrease in the trend can be attributed to the success of the control and preventive measures. In order to realize the target of elimination of malaria, the control measure needs to be prioritized in these high-risk clusters of malaria.

Peer Review status:Peer reviewedPublication status:PublishedVersion:Publisher's versionNotes:© 2011 Wangdi et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Bibliographic Details

Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.

Publisher Website: http://www.biomedcentral.com/

Journal: Malaria journalsee more from them

Publication Website: http://www.malariajournal.com/

Issue Date: 2011

pages:89Identifiers

Urn: uuid:2fda8306-b900-449d-9021-aa6ecfd2fc08

Source identifier: 141357

Eissn: 1475-2875

Doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-10-89

Issn: 1475-2875 Item Description

Type: Journal article;

Language: eng

Version: Publisher's versionKeywords: Humans Malaria, Falciparum Malaria, Vivax Incidence Cluster Analysis Seasons Adolescent Adult Child Child, Preschool Infant Poisson Distribution Bayes Theorem Middle Aged Endemic Diseases Bhutan Risk Factors Female Male Tiny URL: pubs:141357

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Autor: Wangdi, K - - - Kaewkungwal, J - - - Singhasivanon, P - - - Silawan, T - - - Lawpoolsri, S - - - White, NJ - institutionUniversit

Fuente: https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:2fda8306-b900-449d-9021-aa6ecfd2fc08



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