Maternal and Family Predictors of School Readiness in Black, Hispanic and White 6- and 7-Year Olds.Reportar como inadecuado

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This study identified maternal and family environmental characteristics predictive of school readiness in Black, Hispanic, and Caucasian children, and evaluated how these predictors operate in equivalent or dissimilar ways in the three ethnic groups. Subjects were approximately 600 6- and 7-year-old children of women participating in the National Longitudinal Study of Youth (NLSY), a yearly survey of youth (with an oversample of Black and low-income Caucasian subjects) who were first interviewed in 1979. Data for this study were obtained in 1986, when the mothers were 21 to 29 years old. Home visits and interviews provided extensive background information from which a variety of maternal and family environment measures were derived. Measures of children's school readiness and early achievement were also obtained during the home visits. Analysis indicated that several maternal and family predictors (including maternal ability level, maternal education, and family poverty status) showed consistent significant correlations with children's school readiness and achievement in all three ethnic groups. Grade level was also a significant predictor, especially for reading and math. The only variables that appeared to play different roles depending on ethnicity were spouse education and traditional maternal attitudes toward women's roles, which were significant predictors primarily among Hispanic families. (MM)

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Youth, Comparative Analysis, Elementary School Students, Ethnicity, Family Characteristics, Family Influence, Hispanic Americans, Low Income Groups, Mother Attitudes, Predictor Variables, Primary Education, School Readiness, Whites, Young Children

Autor: Ricciuti, Henry N.; And Others


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