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This paper was written to provide nurse educators with strategies for implementing multicultural concepts into their nursing programs. Administrators are urged to design their total educational process and educational content to reflect a commitment to cultural pluralism, in which traits of nonmainstream cultures are treated as differences rather than deficiencies. Such an approach helps all students develop more positive attitudes toward cultural, racial, ethnic, and religious groups and helps students from victimized groups develop confidence in their ability to succeed academically and to influence societal institutions. Nurses need to understand how cultural differences affect their clients' behaviors and attitudes, in order to have an impact in transcultural work. Nine specific knowledge areas that nurses should acquire to practice nursing from a multicultural perspective are outlined. Among them are: knowledge of cultural views on pregnancy; knowledge of culturally relevant information related to specific diseases; and knowledge of religious variations in relation to dying, bereavement, euthanasia, and other ethical and moral issues. Nursing education faculty and administrators are encouraged to assess existing programs for elements of multicultural education. A suggested guideline is presented, addressing such elements as program atmosphere, materials, and self-understanding. (Contains 10 references.) (JDD)

Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Cultural Pluralism, Curriculum Development, Higher Education, Multicultural Education, Nursing Education, Program Evaluation, Student Educational Objectives

Autor: White, Hazel L.


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