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School-to-work transition (SWT) programs are comprehensive programs to prepare young people for high-skill, high-wage careers and teach them the basic skills needed to pursue postsecondary education/lifelong learning. Interest in SWT programs has been stimulated by several factors, including declining U.S. competitiveness in the global market, the changing nature of the workplace, and passage of the School-to-Work Opportunities Act of 1994. Current Congressional efforts to streamline government may well result in a sharp reduction of the federal role in SWT efforts; however, SWT programs have gained great momentum in many states and will likely continue without strong federal leadership. Research has confirmed that SWT programs can serve a broad cross-section of students and provide access to college and other postsecondary options provided the extra resources and employer support/commitment needed to initiate/implement SWT programs are obtained. Among the issues surrounding SWT programs are whether business/industry has the resources to provide the required work-based learning experience and whether programs force youth to make career choices too early and place too much emphasis on preparing youth for occupations. (Included in this trend analysis are an annotated bibliography of 18 print resources and a list of 6 organizations concerned with SWT programs.) (MN)

Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Career Education, Education Work Relationship, Educational Objectives, Educational Practices, Educational Trends, Noncollege Bound Students, Printed Materials, Resource Materials, Secondary Education, Transitional Programs, Trend Analysis, Youth Programs

Autor: Imel, Susan


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