An Investigation of the Advance Organizer Theory as an Effective Teaching Model.Report as inadecuate

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This paper advocates for the improvement of presentational methods of teaching and expository learning, based on David Ausubel's theory of Meaningful Verbal Learning and its derivative, the Advance Organizer Model of Teaching. This approach to teaching enables teachers to convey large amounts of information as meaningfully and efficiently as possible, while allowing for student acquisition and retention of that information. The Advance Organizer Model provides teachers with a method for improving their presentations and enhancing students' abilities to learn from them. Use of the model is illustrated with a lesson for Year 9 Home Economics students in Australia on the food and nutritional practices of people from various cultures. Planning and preparation of the lesson involved creating a knowledge hierarchy, observing the learners and determining the learning task, and developing an expository organizer to help students relate to new data. The lesson involved three phases: presentation of the advance organizer; presentation of the learning material or task; and strengthening cognitive organization, to anchor the material in the student's existing cognitive structure. The script of an audiotaped presentation of the lesson is presented and critically analyzed. (Contains 11 references.) (JDD)

Descriptors: Advance Organizers, Cognitive Structures, Conventional Instruction, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Home Economics, Learning Theories, Lecture Method, Teaching Models

Author: Downing, Agnes


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