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Reference: Milewicz, KM, Hollway, J, Peacock, C et al., (2016). Beyond trade: the expanding scope of the non-trade agenda in trade agreements. Journal of Conflict Resolution.Citable link to this page:

 

Beyond trade: the expanding scope of the non-trade agenda in trade agreements

Abstract: Increased complexity and density of transnational problems creates unprecedented challenges and opportunities for contemporary international governance. ‘Issue linkage’ is one institutional arrangement through which states address these chang- ing circumstances. In this paper, we examine the widening scope of the non-trade agenda in Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs). Non-trade issues (NTIs) such as human rights, democracy, environment, corruption and labor standards are increasingly linked to PTAs. This issue linkage has important implications for un- derstanding changing patterns of international trade, including the shift to PTAs and the rise of NTIs. We show that: (1) states’ choices to commit to bilateral or plurilateral versions of traditional PTAs and to PTAs with NTIs are highly interdependent; (2) states increasingly incorporate NTIs into PTAs as the associ- ated costs of policy change are lowered through earlier agreements and; (3) network pressures favor the increasing adoption of bilateral and especially plurilateral NTIs over time. Using an original data set on NTIs covering 522 PTAs and spanning the period 1951-2009, we evaluate states’ motives behind the widening non-trade agenda of trade agreements using longitudinal network modeling. We employ multiplex co-evolution stochastic actor-oriented network models (SAOMs) in a novel design to account for interdependencies within and across states’ decisions. Following a descriptive mapping of major non-trade issue areas, we evaluate our theoretical arguments. Testing against the alternative explanations of power and commitment, we find that endogenous cost considerations are the most significant factor explaining the inclusion of NTIs into PTAs.

Peer Review status:Peer reviewedPublication status:In pressVersion:Accepted manuscript Funder: Swiss National Science Foundation   Notes:© The Author(s) 2016. This article has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Conflict Resolution. This is the accepted version of the article.

Bibliographic Details

Publisher: SAGE Publications

Publisher Website: http://www.uk.sagepub.com/home.nav

Journal: Journal of Conflict Resolutionsee more from them

Publication Website: http://www.uk.sagepub.com/journals/Journal200764

Issue Date: 2016Identifiers

Urn: uuid:755fd2c7-3876-4709-88c4-a51aa6624ce4

Source identifier: 624860

Eissn: 1552-8766

Issn: 0022-0027 Item Description

Type: Journal article;

Version: Accepted manuscript Tiny URL: pubs:624860

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Autor: Milewicz, KM - institutionUniversity of Oxford Oxford, SSD, Politics and Int Relations - - - Hollway, J - - - Peacock, C - - - Sn

Fuente: https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:755fd2c7-3876-4709-88c4-a51aa6624ce4



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