Science-Technology-Society: A Reform Arising from Learning Theory and Constructivist Research.Report as inadecuate

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The Iowa-Scope, Sequence, and Coordination (SS&C) Program assists schools with reform of their entire middle school programs, grades 6-8, and features the science, technology, and society (STS) instructional approach. This reform translates to the creation of new frameworks for the school program and aims to produce "constructivist" teachers to implement the reform. One such program is evaluated by examining improvements in student learning in six learning domains: concept, process, application, creativity, attitude, and world view. Teachers were surveyed to determine changes in teacher confidence, exemplary use of certain teaching procedures, and changes in teacher perceptions of various student attributes. Pre- and posttests were administered to all students of 133 SS&C teachers during 1990-93. A comparison is made between SS&C classrooms and traditional classrooms. Statistically significant advantages were observed for female students as well as average and below average students. The evaluation reveals that the program successfully responds to calls for reform and restructuring of middle school programs. (LZ)

Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Educational Change, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools, Learning Theories, Middle Schools, Science Achievement, Science and Society, Science Education, Science Programs, Student Surveys, Technology

Author: Yager, Robert E.


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