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From 1976 to 1983 major reforms were enacted in Chile in the vocational training systems, based on four principles: decentralization, integration, diversification, and participation. The vocational training system in Chile is a legally established, market-oriented system in which many private training agencies compete to sell their services to private firms and government-sponsored public training programs. Private firms decide the amount and kind of training they want to buy; government subsidizes firm-based training programs through tax rebates and finances public training programs for workers without access to training in private firms. Enacted in 1976, the Vocational Training and Employment Statute stresses market forces in the delivery of vocational training services. Five types of public training programs are offered under the training and employment statute: vocational training grants, adult workers retraining programs, training program for low-income female workers, youth training program, and apprenticeship program. Evaluation of the training system performance provides evidence that decentralization of demand decisions to the level of individual firms has brought training supply much nearer to local labor market demand; enhanced the capability of the system to respond flexibly to local needs. Efficiency in terms of unit cost reduction and local relevance have not yet been fully achieved. (YLB)

Descriptors: Adult Vocational Education, Decentralization, Educational Administration, Educational Legislation, Educational Policy, Employment Programs, Federal Legislation, Foreign Countries, Job Training, Postsecondary Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Public Policy, School Restructuring, Secondary Education, Vocational Education











Autor: Espinoza, Eduardo Martinez

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=10868&id=ED371117



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