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Reference: Fukuda, Nobutaka., (1997). Fertility decline in Japan since the 1970s. DPhil. University of Oxford.Citable link to this page:


Fertility decline in Japan since the 1970s Subtitle: Socio-economic factors or attitudinal factors

Abstract: This study investigates the influence of socio-economic and attitudinalfactors on recent changes in marriage and fertility in Japan. Using macroandmicro-data (collected especially for this research), the study examinesthe validity of three main theories: (1) the New Home Economics theory; (2)Easterlin's theory; and (3) the ideational (or attitudinal) theory indetemining Japanese marriage and fertility behaviour.The findings of this study show that socio-economic factors exert asubstantial effect on Japanese marriage and fertility behaviour. Morespecifically, an increase in women's earning capacity raised their marriageage, lowered the level of their fertility, and lengthened their birth intervals.This evidence is in agreement with the New Home Economics theory. Onthe other hand, relative economic status also affected Japanese marriageand fertility behaviour. An improvement in the economic situation of youngadults encouraged them to marry earlier, and to have more children. Thesefindings support Easterlin's theory. However, comparing the two theories,the longitudinal trend of marriage and fertility pattern in Japan is betterexplained by the New Home Economics theory than Easterlin's theory. Thelevel of women's wages had a relatively stronger impact on these patternsthan their relative economic status.The findings also reveal that attitudinal factors play a significant rolein determining Japanese marriage and fertility behaviour. As womenbecame less committed to traditional norms and values, they married later,had fewer children and lengthened their birth intervals. Likewise, thereinforcement of women's individualistic attitudes raised their marriage age,lowered the level of their fertility, and delayed their entry to parenthood.This evidence indicates that marriage and fertility pattern in Japan cannotbe due entirely to socio-economic factors. Comparing socio-economic and attitudinal factors, the former had a greater influence on marriage andfertility behaviour than the latter. We conclude from the findings of thisstudy that Japanese marriage and fertility behaviour are affected both bysocio-economic and attitudinal (ideational) factors, but the influence of thelatter is secondary.

Type of Award:DPhil Level of Award:Doctoral Awarding Institution: University of Oxford Notes:The digital copy of this thesis has been made available thanks to the generosity of Dr Leonard Polonsky

Bibliographic Details

Issue Date: 1997Identifiers

Urn: uuid:8303e991-71bf-4198-bc87-d2090c0415d6

Source identifier: 602367636 Item Description

Type: Thesis;

Language: eng Subjects: Japan Fertility, Human Tiny URL: td:602367636


Autor: Fukuda, Nobutaka. - institutionUniversity of Oxford facultyFaculty of Social Studies - - - - Bibliographic Details Issue Date: 19

Fuente: https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:8303e991-71bf-4198-bc87-d2090c0415d6


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