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This paper examines the relation of cognitive and developmental-contextual variables to alcohol use in adolescence and early adulthood in an attempt to increase the understanding of alcohol use during this age period. Components for each of the rational decision making theories, specifically attitude, subjective norm, and self-efficacy, were incorporated into this study. The proposed model of relationships among cognitive and developmental variables was similar to that of the theory of planned behavior in that it included attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy; however, it differed in several ways. Results of the study involving eleventh graders (n=87), college freshmen (n=105), and college juniors (n=107) demonstrated that a model incorporating rational decision and developmental-contextual variables accounts for a substantial proportion of the variance in alcohol consumption among adolescents and young adults. Rational decision variables, namely positive attitude and self-efficacy, predicted alcohol consumption in all three age groups, in accord with previous research; however, multisample analyses revealed that the predictive power of rational decision components was not equivalent across age groups sampled. Age differences and patterns emerged such that positive attitudes and self-efficacy were less important predictors among young adults than among adolescents. (Contains 27 references and 3 figures.) (MKA)

Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Cognitive Development, College Students, Context Effect, Decision Making, Drinking, High School Students, High Schools, Higher Education, Norms, Parent Influence, Peer Influence, Personal Autonomy, Predictor Variables, Self Efficacy, Student Attitudes, Theories, Young Adults

Autor: Kuther, Tara L.; Higgins-D-Alessandro, Ann

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=10749&id=ED431154

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