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Helping young children to cope with stress plays a vital role in today's classroom. It is normal for children to experience stress, which comes from pressures such as family, friends, and school. Some of the indicators of stress in young children are behavioral changes (e.g., mood swings, changes in sleep patterns, and incontinence) and physical changes (e.g., sighing, ready tears, fingernail biting, and trouble completing school work). The arts can act as a healing force. This includes storytelling, music, dance, and the visual arts. The process of art must occur in an environment where children feel safe. The psychosocial environment is created by the classroom teacher. Suggestions for preparation of the environment include (1) communicating the sort of environment desired, (2) initiating the conditions that lead to the desired environment, (3) remembering the importance of all classroom individuals, (4) creating a sense of belonging, (5) being fair to everyone, (6) delegating responsibilities to everyone, (7) being consistent, (8) practicing friendliness, (9) assuring success for everyone, (10) understanding when children are struggling with personal difficulties, and (11) laughing. (SM)

Descriptors: Art Expression, Art Therapy, Classroom Environment, Coping, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Mental Health, Relaxation Training, Stress Management, Teacher Role, Young Children

Autor: Hale, Judy Ann

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=10646&id=ED420657

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