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This study examined differences between the positive mother-infant interactions of adolescents and those of young adult mothers, both before and after controlling for socioeconomic status (SES) and educational level. The study also investigated factors related to adolescents' early and later maternal-infant interaction patterns. Subjects were 100 adolescents (aged 13 to 19) and 100 young adults (aged 20 to 29) from a moderate-sized Southeastern city who were interviewed during pregnancy. Maternal-infant observations were conducted at one month using the NCAST Feeding Scale, a 76-item behavioral observation system. At 6 months post-partum, mothers were interviewed, and maternal-infant interactions were observed using the NCAST Teaching Scale, a 73-item behavioral observation system. Results revealed significant group differences for the following factors: (1) ego identity, (2) knowledge about infants and infant care, (3) knowledge of infant competencies, (4) maternal-fetal attachment, (5) post-partum depression, (6) self-esteem, (7) developmentally appropriate home environment, and (8) maternal-infant interactions at 1 and 6 months. However, all differences disappeared after the effects of SES and educational level were controlled. Significant predictors of adolescents' early interactions were pregnancy planning, knowledge of infant competencies, and social support. Predictors of later interactions and home environment were social support and early interactions. (Contains 19 references.) (MM)

Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Attachment Behavior, Comparative Analysis, Early Parenthood, Educational Attainment, Infants, Longitudinal Studies, Mother Attitudes, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Predictor Variables, Socioeconomic Status, Young Adults

Autor: Penny, Judith M.; And Others

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=10599&id=ED361079

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