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This paper examines utilization of the Plan for Achieving Self-Sufficiency (PASS), a work incentive available for persons receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI), designed to parallel the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act transition plan requirement. The PASS program allows persons receiving SSI cash assistance to set aside income toward achieving a specified work goal if clear steps and needed items and services are identified. The study analyzed a sample of data from the Social Security Administration (demographics, disability, occupational goals, preparers, and requested items and services) for 103 persons newly approved for PASSes. Findings indicated that very few transition-age students use PASSes (less than 3 percent of working-age PASS participants were under 30 years of age) and the total number of PASSes has decreased by 40 percent since recent administrative changes. Other findings revealed that persons with mental illness were more likely to use PASSes, that work goals focusing on professional specialty occupations were most common, that education and transportation were the most frequently requested items and services, and that PASSes were most often prepared by SSI participants themselves. Implications for school-to-work transition for youth with disabilities are discussed. Seven tables detail the study's findings. (Contains 26 references.) (DB)

Descriptors: Career Development, Disabilities, Education Work Relationship, Federal Aid, Federal Programs, Goal Orientation, Secondary Education, Student Financial Aid, Transitional Programs, Vocational Rehabilitation, Young Adults

Autor: Berry, Hugh; And Others


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