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This paper describes a follow-up study conducted in 1991 to examine how the informal education and representational strategies of the Zinacantecos have been affected by modernization since the original study of their culture was conducted in 1969-70. The follow-up study tracked two generations of mothers and children as the Zinacantecos society moved from a subsistence to an entrepreneurial, cash economy. The paper compares photographic slides of typical daily activities as they were conducted in 1969-70 and in 1991. It focuses on the weaving techniques and pattern designs of the Zinacantecos women, and how these techniques and designs were transmitted from one generation to the next. An analysis of slides and motion pictures taken in 1969-70 and in 1991 showed that while in the earlier period most of the weaving instruction was very structured and systematic, instruction in the latter period was more discovery-oriented, with independent trial-and-error replacing mother-dominated repetitive learning. The study also found that in the earlier period only set patterns and designs were used, whereas constant pattern innovation and new motifs are predominant today. These results suggest that the Zinacantecos' weaving process is following the general evolution of Zinacantecos society toward modernization, innovation, and entrepreneurial attitudes. (MDM)

Descriptors: Children, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Economic Development, Followup Studies, Foreign Countries, Modernization, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Parents as Teachers, Teaching Methods











Autor: Greenfield, Patricia

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=10498&id=ED375935







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