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Reference: B. Croft, U. Lohmann, R. V. Martin et al., (2009). Aerosol size-dependent below-cloud scavenging by rain and snow in the ECHAM5-HAM. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 9 (2), 7873-7925.Citable link to this page:


Aerosol size-dependent below-cloud scavenging by rain and snow in the ECHAM5-HAM

Abstract: Wet deposition processes are highly efficient in the removal of aerosols from the atmosphere, and thus strongly influence global aerosol concentrations, and clouds, and their respective radiative forcings. In this study, physically detailed size-dependent below-cloud scavenging parameterizations for rain and snow are implemented in the ECHAM5-HAM global aerosol-climate model. Previously, below-cloud scavenging by rain in the ECHAM5-HAM was simply a function of the aerosol mode, and then scaled by the rainfall rate. The below-cloud scavenging by snow was a function of the snowfall rate alone. The global mean aerosol optical depth, and sea salt burden are sensitive to the below-cloud scavenging coefficients, with reductions near to 15% when the more vigorous size-dependent below-cloud scavenging by rain and snow is implemented. The inclusion of a prognostic rain scheme significantly reduces the fractional importance of below-cloud scavenging since there is higher evaporation in the lower tropospher, increasing the global mean sea salt burden by almost 15%. Thermophoretic effects are show to produce increases in the global and annual mean below-cloud number removal of Aitken size particles of near to 15%, but very small increases (near 1%) in the global mean below-cloud mass scavenging of ultra-fine particles by rain do not cause any significant changes to the global mean aerosol mass or number burdens, despite a change in the below-cloud number removal rate for nucleation mode particles by near to 10%. For nucleation mode particles, changes to the assumptions about the below-cloud scavenging by snow produce a greater change in the number removal rate, in excess of one order of magnitude. Closer agreement with different observations is found when the more physically detailed below-cloud scavenging parameterization is employed in the ECHAM5-HAM model.

Publication status:PublishedPeer Review status:Reviewed (other)Version:Publisher's version Funder: National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada   Funder: Killarn Trusts Foundation of Canada   Notes:Citation: Croft, B. et al. (2009). 'Aerosol size-dependent below-cloud scavenging by rain and snow in the ECHAM5-HAM', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 9(2), 7873-7925. [Available at]. © Authors 2009. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Licence ( This permits the copying, distribution, transmission and adaption of the work, provided the original authors are credited. For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work. These conditions may be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder.

Bibliographic Details

Publisher: Copernicus Publications

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Host: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussionssee more from them

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Issue Date: 2009-March

Copyright Date: 2009


Issn: 1680-7367

Eissn: 1680-7375

Urn: uuid:af98313e-dadd-4b26-8776-68bb444ddd23 Item Description

Type: Article: post-print;

Language: en

Version: Publisher's versionKeywords: atmospheric aerosols below-cloud scavenging parameterizations ECHAM5-HAM modelSubjects: Physics Atmospheric,Oceanic,and Planetary physics Climate systems and policy Tiny URL: ora:2790


Autor: B. Croft - institutionDalhousie University, Halifax, Canada facultyDepartment of Physics and Atmospheric Science - - - U. Lohmann



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