A randomised trial evaluating the safety and immunogenicity of the novel single oral dose typhoid vaccine M01ZH09 in healthy Vietnamese children.Reportar como inadecuado




A randomised trial evaluating the safety and immunogenicity of the novel single oral dose typhoid vaccine M01ZH09 in healthy Vietnamese children. - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Reference: Tran, TH, Nguyen, TD, Nguyen, TT et al., (2010). A randomised trial evaluating the safety and immunogenicity of the novel single oral dose typhoid vaccine M01ZH09 in healthy Vietnamese children. PloS one, 5 (7), Article: e11778.Citable link to this page:

 

A randomised trial evaluating the safety and immunogenicity of the novel single oral dose typhoid vaccine M01ZH09 in healthy Vietnamese children.

Abstract: BACKGROUND: The emergence of drug resistant typhoid fever is a major public health problem, especially in Asia. An oral single dose typhoid vaccine would have major advantages. M01ZH09 is a live oral single dose candidate typhoid vaccine containing Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (Ty2 aroC(-)ssaV(-)) ZH9 with two independently attenuating deletions. Studies in healthy adults demonstrated immunogenicity and an acceptable safety profile. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a randomised placebo controlled, single-blind trial to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of M01ZH09 in healthy Vietnamese children aged 5 to 14 years. METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned to receive either a nominal dose of 5x10(9) CFU of M01ZH09 or placebo and were followed up for 28 days. The primary safety outcome was the proportion of subjects with any adverse event attributed to M01ZH09. The primary immunogenicity endpoint was the proportion of subjects who showed a positive immune response to M01ZH09 in the Salmonella Typhi lipopolysaccharide (LPS) specific serum IgA and IgG ELISA. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: One hundred and fifty-one children were enrolled, 101 subjects received M01ZH09 and 50 subjects received placebo. An intention to treat analysis was conducted. There were no serious adverse events and no bacteraemias. In the M01ZH09 group, 26 (26%; 95% CI, 18-5%) of 101 subjects experienced adverse events compared to 11 (22%; 95% CI, 12-36%) of 50 subjects in the placebo group (odds ratio (OR) [95%CI] = 1.23 [0.550-2.747]; p = 0.691). Faecal shedding of S. Typhi (Ty2 aroC(-)ssaV(-)) ZH9 was detected in 51 (51%; 95% CI, 41-61%) of 100 M01ZH09 subjects. No shedding was detected beyond day 3. A positive immune response, defined as 70% increase (1.7 fold change) in LPS specific serum IgG (day 14 or 28) and/or 50% increase (1.5 fold change) in LPS specific serum IgA (day 7 or 14) from baseline was detected in 98 (97%; 95% CI, 92-99%) of 101 M01ZH09 recipients and 8 (16%; 95% CI, 7-29%) of 50 placebo recipients. Twenty-eight (100%; 95% CI, 88-100%) of 28 vaccine recipients who were evaluated in the LPS specific IgA ELISPOT assay showed a positive response compared to none of the 14 placebo recipients tested. CONCLUSIONS: This was the first phase II trial of a novel oral candidate typhoid vaccine in children in an endemic country. M01ZH09 had an appropriate safety profile and was immunogenic in children. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Controlled-trials.com ISRCTN91111837.

Peer Review status:Peer reviewedPublication status:PublishedVersion:Publisher's version Funder: Emergent Product Development UK Ltd.   Funder: Wellcome Trust  

Bibliographic Details

Publisher: Public Library of Science

Publisher Website: http://www.plos.org

Journal: PloS onesee more from them

Publication Website: http://www.plosone.org

Issue Date: 2010

pages:Article: e11778Identifiers

Urn: uuid:b521602e-79a3-4b52-997b-97f7009046ee

Source identifier: 66227

Eissn: 1932-6203

Doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0011778

Issn: 1932-6203 Item Description

Type: Journal article;

Language: eng

Version: Publisher's versionKeywords: Humans Salmonella typhi Immunoglobulin G Administration, Oral Antibodies, Bacterial Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Typhoid-Paratyphoid Vaccines Adolescent Child Child, Preschool Asian Continental Ancestry Group Lipopolysaccharides Vietnam Female Male Tiny URL: pubs:66227

Relationships





Autor: Tran, TH - - - Nguyen, TD - - - Nguyen, TT - - - Ninh, TT - institutionUniversity of Oxford Oxford, MSD, Clinical Medicine, Tropi

Fuente: https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:b521602e-79a3-4b52-997b-97f7009046ee



DESCARGAR PDF




Documentos relacionados