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American Archivist, v55 n2 p236-315 1992

The report considers the interaction of trends in information technology and trends in research practices and the policy implications for archives. The information is divided into 4 sections. The first section, an "Overview of Information Technology Trends," discusses end-user computing, which includes ubiquitous computing, end-user interfaces, and "online transition." Connectivity is examined in terms of access to computational and human resources; the trend toward interchange standards; and distributed versus centralized control. The following technology trends affecting scholarly communication are examined: artificial intelligence; end-user publication and distribution; hypertext and hypermedia; visualization and virtual reality; and caveats. The second section, "Scholarly Communication and the Use of Current Information Technology," discusses a number of issues. Identification of sources and communication with colleagues is covered. Interpretation and analysis of sources is discussed, including computer-assisted analysis through conversion and computer-assisted analysis with artificial intelligence. Electronic publishing and hypermedia are identified as findings for dissemination of research. Curriculum development and instruction is also discussed. Section 3, "Responses by the Library Profession to Changing Research Practices," includes promoting connectivity; conversion; software engineering; and transformations in professional roles. A fourth section, "Conclusion and Recommendations," is divided into the following parts: establishing a network-mediated archival practice; establishing a strategy for the future usability of electronic records; and recognizing and rewarding leadership. (Contains 224 references.) (AEF)

Descriptors: Access to Information, Archives, Artificial Intelligence, Change, Communication (Thought Transfer), Curriculum Development, Electronic Publishing, Futures (of Society), Human Resources, Hypermedia, Information Dissemination, Information Policy, Information Technology, Professional Development, Research Methodology, Scholarly Communication, Strategic Planning, Trend Analysis, Users (Information)





Autor: Michelson, Avra; Rothenberg, Jeff

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=10400&id=ED380135







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