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Concerned about how well the United States Military Academy treats women and minorities, this report addresses differences in performance and experience between gender and between whites and minorities for the classes 1988 through 1992, perceptions of the fairness of the treatment that female and minority cadets receive, and actions the Academy has taken to enhance the success of women and minorities. Indicators of performance and experience show that male and female cadets encounter some differences during their Academy years. For example, women consistently receive offers of admission at higher rates than men but also experience higher attrition than men. While minority admission rates are higher than whites, academic predictor scores and academic, physical education, and military grades are lower for minorities than for whites. A survey of cadets, staff, and faculty reveal perceptions that women and minorities generally receive treatment equal to that of men and whites. Addressing the issues that affect women and minorities, the United States Military Academy aims to establish through a number of steps an atmosphere where all cadets are encouraged and able to perform at their best. The recommendations include development of data systems for systematic analysis, routine monitoring of performance indicators of groups, and the establishment of a system to ensure that results are used and actions monitored. Three appendices contain a description of questionnaire methodology, an analysis of Academy data, and the major contributors to the report. (CK)

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Admission (School), Blacks, Educational Experience, Females, Higher Education, Males, Military Schools, Military Training, Minority Groups, Performance, Racial Differences, Sex, Sex Differences, Student Attrition, Whites

United States General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 ($2, first copy free, quantity discounts).

Autor: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.


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