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This study examined the electrophysiological differences between baseline EEG frequencies and EEG frequencies obtained during a psychomotor response to musical stimuli. Subjects were 9 children, with mean age of 5.2 years old. Electrophysiological differences between two different musical conditions were also compared. EEG was recorded during 3 conditions: 2 minutes of sitting quietly with eyes open; 1 minute tapping in rhythm to classical music; and 1 minute tapping in rhythm to an Irish folk song. Thirty seconds of artifact-free data were edited for each of the conditions for each child. A Fast Fourier Transformation was performed on each edited EEG segment, and the relative power for each of the 21 electrodes was recorded for Delta, Theta, Alpha, and Beta brainwave frequencies. One-way ANOVA was performed for each of the frequencies for each electrode site. Results indicated a significant increase in the relative power percentages for the theta frequency in the eyes-open condition, and significant differences within the theta frequency at the right temporal sites and the left anterior temporal site between the eyes open and music conditions. Alpha activity decreased at all of the reported sites from the eyes open to music conditions, possibly due to the motoric output causing increased cognitive involvement. Results suggest that a basic step in understanding how to better educate children in music perception and production is to better understand how the brain responds to music. (JPB)

Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Early Childhood Education, Elementary School Students, Music, Music Activities, Music Education, Preschool Children, Psychomotor Skills, Responses, Rhythm (Music)

Autor: Flohr, John W.; Miller, Daniel C.


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