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A study investigated the attitudes of adult university students of English as a Second Language (ESL) toward use of closed captioned television (CCTV) as an instructional tool. Students at the intermediate (n=51) and advanced (n=55) levels of ESL study in classes using CCTV were administered a questionnaire concerning their perceptions of the method, and 11 faculty members answered a questionnaire about student responses to CCTV, their own experiences with it, and problems associated with its use. Most students indicated they liked both closed-captioned and uncaptioned video, consistent with teacher observations. More advanced students preferred uncaptioned television, which did not agree with teacher perceptions. Most students, at both proficiency levels, felt CCTV was beneficial to some extent. Instructors were more ambivalent about benefits. It is suggested that advanced students liked uncaptioned television because of more proficient listening skills; more intermediate students found captioning distracting. To some extent, it is felt, these perceptions may also be attributed to technical problems with CCTV use, textual flaws in the materials, and teacher attitudes. Some recommendations are made for improving use of CCTV in the second language classroom. The two questionnaires are appended. Contains 36 references. (MSE)

Descriptors: Adult Students, Difficulty Level, Educational Television, Higher Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Language Proficiency, Listening Comprehension, Second Language Instruction, Second Languages, Student Attitudes

Autor: Weasenforth, Donald L.


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