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This combined report provides cost analyses of four strategies for improving child success and retention in South African junior primary schools, and for eight community-based preschool day care (educare) options. The junior primary school cost analyses utilize the Assessing Policies for Educational Excellence (APEX) computer model to make projections for the year 2000 based on 1990 costs, while the educare analysis uses a Lotus spreadsheet. First, a basic cost projection is presented based on the assumptions that compulsory schooling for all African children will be introduced and some progress will be made toward equalizing resource allocation between schools. The four educational strategies assessed are: (1) the Bridging Period Programme, a school readiness program within the first year of school; (2) the Junior Primary Upgrading Programme option, a coordinated program to upgrade junior primary schools beginning with the most deprived; (3) the Preprimary Class Option, which opens early learning opportunities to African and coloured children; and (4) the Integrated Junior Primary Option, which follows the British Infant School model. The four strategies are assessed in terms of enrollment patterns; recurrent costs; classroom facilities; and materials expenses. The educare report includes cost data for full-day educare centers; home-based educare; part-day preprimary classes, preschool centers, and outdoor playgroups; and family education programs, including educational home visiting, parent-and-child groups, and parent training programs. (AC)

Descriptors: Access to Education, Comparative Analysis, Cost Estimates, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Early Intervention, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries, Prediction, Preschool Education, Program Costs

Autor: Atmore, Eric; And Others


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