Religiosity, Gender, Sex Anxiety, and AIDS Attitudes as They Affect Attitudes Towards Homosexuals.Report as inadecuate

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Homophobia is a term used to describe irrational fears about, prejudice, and discrimination against homosexuals. Past research has shown that religious people were more homophobic than nonreligious ones and that these same individuals were more likely to have a high level of sex anxiety. In recent research, it has been found that with the onset of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in the gay community, negative attitudes against homosexuals have increased. This study examined the relationship between homophobia, AIDS attitudes, sexual anxiety, religion, and gender. Undergraduate students (N=144) completed a demographic questionnaire and the Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men Scale, the Religious Attitude Scale, the Sex Anxiety Inventory, and a modified version of DiClemente's AIDS knowledge and attitude scale. Findings revealed main effects for religiosity, sex anxiety, and AIDS attitudes. Subjects who described themselves as religious were more homophobic than nonreligious subjects; subjects who scored high on sexual anxiety were more homophobic than ones scoring low on sexual anxiety; and subjects with negative attitudes about AIDS were more homophobic than those with positive attitudes. The hypothesis that heterosexual men would be more homophobic than heterosexual women was not supported. (NB)

Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Anxiety, Higher Education, Homophobia, Homosexuality, Negative Attitudes, Religious Differences, Sex Differences, Sexuality, Student Attitudes, Undergraduate Students

Author: Russell, C. Denise; Ellis, Jon B.


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