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In an effort to improve retention and accountability at Patrick Henry Community College (PHCC), in Virginia, a study was undertaken to track first-time student cohorts entering in fall 1988 through fall 1992 and gather data on student demographics and outcomes. The study examined data for 721 students entering in fall 1988, 761 in fall 1989, 824 in fall 1990, 801 in fall 1991, and 736 in fall 1992, and included the following results: (1) retention rates after 1 year ranged from a low of 28.9% for the fall 1990 cohort to a high of 34.6% in fall 1988; (2) 40% of the fall 1988 cohort who left after 1 year had no intention of completing a degree or certificate program; (3) retention rates after 2 years were 17.5% for 1988, 18.5% for 1989, and 16.3% for 1990; (4) the most significant predictors of student retention, in order of importance, were student goals, hours enrolled per semester, number of credit hours completed, semester grade point average (GPA), and overall GPA; and (5) in general, attrition rates after 1 year were higher for female students, black students, part-time students, and those in the age ranges of 23-35 and 45-50. The study recommended that student classifications be taken into account when determining attrition rates and that PHCC should identify students who are first enrolled in unclassified academic categories and target them for retention programs and services. (KP)

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Attrition (Research Studies), Community Colleges, Ethnic Groups, Longitudinal Studies, Persistence, Predictor Variables, Public Colleges, School Holding Power, Student Attrition, Student Characteristics, Two Year Colleges

Autor: Mohammadi, John

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=9945&id=ED382257

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