SAFARI: An Environment for Creating Tutoring Systems in Industrial Training.Reportar como inadecuado

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Safari is a cooperative project involving four Quebec universities, two industrial partners (Virtual Prototypes, Inc., providing the VAPS software package, and Novasys, Inc., a consulting firm specializing in artificial intelligence and training), and government. VAPS (Virtual Applications Prototyping System) is a commercial interface-building and simulation system. The main objective of Safari is to develop a methodology and an environment for the creation of tutoring systems to be used in professional training. The focus is on teaching mostly procedural knowledge concerning the operation of devices such as medical instruments, manufacturing robots, consumer appliances, control instruments, aeronautical instruments, etc. The basic idea is to add a tutoring component on top of device models (microworlds) built in VAPS. This permits the use of models written in VAPS ("virtual instruments"), instead of the real, expensive devices, for training and practice. The distinguishing features of the Safari environment are that: (1) an attempt is made to represent knowledge at two levels: at the physical level corresponding to a simulated device, and the plan level; (2) tutoring is based on four instructional modes: demonstration, exploration, coaching, and critiquing; and (3) within every mode the development of progressively more complex prototypes is foreseen, and tutoring in every mode involves the two levels of knowledge representation. The evolution of prototypes can be roughly divided into three phases according to the complexity of the knowledge structures involved, each of which is outlined. Safari prototyping of the Flo-Gard 6201 Volumetric infusion pump is descried as an example. Three figures illustrate concepts and the infusion pump prototype. (MAS)

Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Simulation, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Industrial Education, Institutional Cooperation, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Professional Training, Programmed Instructional Materials, Programmed Tutoring, Research and Development, Training Methods

Autor: Gecsei, J.; Frasson, C.


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