The Changing Role of Vocational and Technical Education and Training VOTEC. Vocational Education and Training for the 21st Century: Opening Pathways and Strengthening Professionalism. Background and Issues.Reportar como inadecuado




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In preparation for a conference held in Paris, France, in November 1994, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) launched a 5-year program that involved 20 countries studying the changing role of vocational and technical education and training (VOTEC). This background document presents an overview of policy issues and questions emerging from the VOTEC study. The report is organized in six sections. The introduction (Section I) recalls the conceptual orientations underlying VOTEC, section II provides a brief overview of major developments in vocational education and training in OECD member countries since the 1970s. A critical review of changing skill requirements and of various education and training responses in section III suggests that there may be a need not only for higher levels but also for new types of work skills in some or all segments of the labor market. In this context, the role of middle-level worker qualifications and the definitions of "professionalism" are examined. Further questions in section IV relate to educational pathways leading growing numbers of participants in postcompulsory and postsecondary education to new skill profiles, qualifications, and transition routes from education to employment. In section V, two major policy approaches are compared: (1) enhancement of the responsiveness of provision of training to changing labor demand through well-functioning education and training markets; and (2) emphasizing the preservation and further development of institutional linkages between education and the economy through innovative forms of system regulations. Section VI presents two groups of questions: one group relates to the responsiveness of education and training systems and to problems of consistency between education and employment policies, incentives for investment in vocational education and training, the reconciliation of performance and equity, and the risks that unemployment represents for the dynamics of education and skill formation; a second set reexamines "new professionalism" and the role of traditional hierarchies in modern production systems. (KC)

Descriptors: Developed Nations, Education Work Relationship, Educational Needs, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Employment Qualifications, Foreign Countries, Futures (of Society), Job Skills, Labor Market, Postsecondary Education, Secondary Education, Technical Education, Vocational Education











Autor: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris France.

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=9895&id=ED387648







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