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Reference: McMullin, Jaremey R. (Jaremey Robert), (2006). The soldier and the post-conflict state. DPhil. University of Oxford.Citable link to this page:

 

The soldier and the post-conflict state Subtitle: Assessing ex-combatant reintegration in Namibia, Mozambique, and Sierra Leone

Abstract: Several organizations, most prominently the United Nations and the World Bank, haveemphasized that ex-combatant reintegration is crucial to consolidating peace after war. Strategicthinking about peace-building and opportunities for international involvement in post-conflict statesafter the Cold War have focused attention on programs to disarm, demobilize, and reintegratefighters. Despite the resources and effort invested in reintegration programs, however, theevidence from Namibia, Mozambique, and Sierra Leone shows that significant problems linked toincomplete reintegration persist after formal programs end. These problems include widespreadunemployment among former fighters, ex-combatant involvement in criminality, re-recruitment intoneighboring conflicts, and political and social polarization of reintegration grievances. Leftunmanaged, such problems threaten security even if they do not lead a state back to war.The thesis explains the persistence of reintegration problems in terms of two variables: thecapacity (defined as resources, operational expertise, and authority) and preferences (defined asthe explicit and implicit interests and assumptions that guide programs) of reintegration actors.The capacity and preferences of these actors are aggregate independent variables that arethemselves the product of endogenous (organizational and bureaucratic) and exogenous(systemic) pressures that literature on political economy and international relations theory helps toelucidate (i.e., helps to determine how reintegration actors' own behavior exacerbates orameliorates problems).Drawing on documentation and interviews, the thesis constructs a narrative of reintegrationin each case and employs process tracing within cases to identify reintegration problems, measuretheir impact on security, and determine whether and how the capacity and preferences ofreintegration actors contributed to the persistence of reintegration problems. The thesis usescomparative analysis to generalize inferences about the variables observed, and suggestspotential solutions to improve the management of reintegration problems and creation of economicopportunities. Unless deeper issues of reintegration governance related to problem managementand opportunity creation are addressed, targeted remedies to improve program design will notsucceed.

Type of Award:DPhil Level of Award:Doctoral Awarding Institution: University of Oxford Notes:This thesis was digitised thanks to the generosity of Dr Leonard Polonsky

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 Bibliographic Details

Issue Date: 2006Identifiers

Urn: uuid:f7459dd7-96d9-472a-a4e4-fb39f2d15512

Source identifier: 604788896 Item Description

Type: Thesis;

Language: eng Subjects: Mozambique Namibia Sierra Leone Nation-building Veterans Tiny URL: td:604788896

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Author: McMullin, Jaremey R. Jaremey Robert - institutionUniversity of Oxford institutionNew College University of Oxford facultyDepartme

Source: https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:f7459dd7-96d9-472a-a4e4-fb39f2d15512



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