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Reference: Murdock, Graeme (Graeme Neil James), (1996). International Calvinism and the Reformed church of Hungary and Transylvania, 1613-1658. DPhil. University of Oxford.Citable link to this page:


International Calvinism and the Reformed church of Hungary and Transylvania, 1613-1658

Abstract: ´╗┐The Reformed church in Hungary and Transylvania had extensiveconnections with western Calvinist churches during the earlyseventeenth century, and became more closely linked with co-religionistsabroad during this period. In this thesis I shallexamine the ideology and shared interests of this internationalCalvinist community, and assess the significant impact whichcontacts with fellow Calvinists beyond Hungary's borders had onthe development of the Hungarian Reformed church. The earlyseventeenth century saw increasing numbers of Hungarian studentministers travel to western Reformed universities, westernCalvinist teachers travel to work in Hungarian schools, and thetransfer and translation of foreign Reformed theological worksfor use in Hungary and Transylvania. This pattern of broadengagement with western Europe heavily influenced the developmentof education in the Reformed schools of Hungary and Transylvania,as well as the forms of worship and ceremony adopted by theHungarian Reformed church.Godly princes, godly gentlemen and clergy were partners inthe building-up of the Reformed church of Hungary andTransylvania. The church was indeed reliant in the earlyseventeenth century on patronage and support from a series ofReformed Transylvanian princes, and from Hungarian nobles. Thecontinuing commitment of these parties to further religiousreformation in the region was challenged by some Reformedministers who, inspired by their experience of Calvinist churchesabroad, sought to introduce presbyterial government and reformsof church ceremony and discipline, an agenda dubbed locally asPuritanism.International Calvinist contacts however largely served tobolster the theological orthodoxy of the Reformed community ofHungary and Transylvania against its confessional rivals,invigorating the Reformed church's zeal to defend its positionwith a stridently anti-Catholic ideology. Comparisons with otherReformed churches reinforced commitment in Hungary to tightenstandards of discipline with an ethos of morality which wasdistinctively Reformed. International Calvinism thereforeassisted the Reformed confessionalisation of Transylvania andeastern Hungary in the early seventeenth century. However theties binding Transylvania with the rest of the Calvinist worldin this period also encouraged Transylvania's princes to adopta diplomatic policy of Protestant cooperation tinged withapocalyptic ideas, which was ultimately to jeopardise thestability of the principality and the place of Reformed religionin east-central Europe.

Type of Award:DPhil Level of Award:Doctoral Awarding Institution: University of Oxford Notes:This thesis was digitised thanks to the generosity of Dr Leonard Polonsky

Bibliographic Details

Issue Date: 1996Identifiers

Urn: uuid:f7c6c878-20b0-4c36-81ee-ecb05a18a4f4

Source identifier: 602363843 Item Description

Type: Thesis;

Language: eng Subjects: 17th century Hungary Transylvania Calvinism History Reformed Church Tiny URL: td:602363843


Author: Murdock, Graeme Graeme Neil James - institutionUniversity of Oxford facultyFaculty of Modern History - - - - Bibliographic Detail



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