The Role of Race and Gender in the Awarding of Institutional Financial Aid.Report as inadecuate

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This paper analyzes data from the 1989-90 and 1995-96 National Postsecondary Student Aid Studies to examine the awarding of institutional need-based versus non-need grants to undergraduate students. The study examines how the use of the different types of scholarships has changed in recent years; characteristics of students who receive the grants; and whether race and gender are related to the awarding of grants. The sample for this study included full-time dependent students from four-year public and private research, doctoral, comprehensive, and liberal arts institutions; proprietary school students and students who received athletic scholarships were excluded. Bivariate analysis of the data demonstrated that white students were awarded a disproportionately large share of non-need grants in both study years, with their share increasing between 1989 and 1995. Multivariate analysis found that gender had little to do with the awarding of institutional grants; that race was more of a determining factor in the awarding of grants, with the effects differing by type of institution and region; that African Americans were more likely to receive non-need grants; and that in 1995 Hispanics and Asian Americans in private colleges were more likely to receive non-need awards than were other students. (Includes nine data tables. Contains 30 references.) (CH)

Descriptors: Access to Education, Asian American Students, Black Students, College Students, Correlation, Educational Finance, Factor Analysis, Grants, Higher Education, Hispanic American Students, Multivariate Analysis, Need Analysis (Student Financial Aid), Paying for College, Scholarship Funds, Statistical Analysis, Student Characteristics, Student Financial Aid, White Students

Author: Heller, Donald E.


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