Certification and Teacher Preparation in the United States.Report as inadecuate

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This paper provides a lens through which to view the significant teacher shortage dilemma that affects schools and communities in United States and in the Pacific region. Part 1, "A Critical Perspective," examines challenges facing teacher education, recruitment, and quality in the United States, noting alternative pathways to teacher certification and monetary incentives to become teachers. Part 2, "Standard, Alternative, and Emergency Certification Models," describes the characteristics and benefits of these types of certification. Part 3, "Discussion," describes the types of people drawn to teaching by the various types of certification, examines implications for Hawaii and the Pacific entities, and makes recommendations for the Pacific region in dealing with this complex issue, including: raise the status of and standards for teaching; initiate new recruitment programs; focus on the areas of highest need; and eliminate all emergency certification programs. Nine appendixes include: Web links; licensing and certification organizations; Title II teacher quality legislation; Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium model standards for beginning teachers; beginning teacher certificates issued; special programs for teacher certification; state standards for teacher licensure; states requiring teacher assessment for new licensure; and state teacher scholarship programs. (Contains 36 references.) (SM)

Descriptors: Alternative Teacher Certification, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Preservice Teacher Education, State Standards, Teacher Competencies, Teacher Recruitment, Teacher Shortage, Teaching Skills

Pacific Resources for Education and Learning, 1099 Alkea Street, 25th Floor, Honolulu, HI 96813. Tel: 808-441-1300; Fax: 808-441-1385; e-mail: askprel[at]prel.org; Web site: http://www.prel.org.

Author: Roth, David; Swail, Watson Scott

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=9800&id=ED450082

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