What Elementary Teachers Need To Know about Language. ERIC Digest.Report as inadecuate

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Over the past decade, education reforms have raised the educational bar for all children in the United States--including newcomers. These reforms place tremendous pressures on children and teachers. In addition to mastering the content-area curriculum, children must become skilled users of language. They must be highly competent in reading and writing to pass the various assessments that constitute gateways for completing school, getting into college, and finding jobs. Teachers need a wealth of content and pedagogical knowledge to ensure that they are providing appropriate instruction to all students. Teachers also need a thorough understanding of educational linguistics--how language figures in education. This foundation would support teachers' practice overall, and in particular, it would help them teach literacy skills, especially to English language learners. If approached coherently, preparation in educational linguistics would cover many items on lists of teacher competencies, such as skills in assessing children, individualizing instruction, and respecting diversity. This digest summarizes some basic aspects of oral and written language about which elementary teachers need expertise in order to promote literacy. (VWL)

Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Teachers, English, English (Second Language), Knowledge Base for Teaching, Language Acquisition, Linguistics, Literacy Education, Oral Language, Second Language Learning, Spelling, Teacher Education, Written Language

ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics, 4646 40th Street NW, Washington, DC 20016. For full text: http://www.cal.org/ericcll/DIGEST.

Author: ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics, Washington, DC.

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=9797&id=ED447721

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