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Reference: Heuser, Beatrice, (1987). Yugoslavia in Western Cold War policies, 1948-1953. DPhil. University of Oxford.Citable link to this page:


Yugoslavia in Western Cold War policies, 1948-1953

Abstract: When Yugoslavia was expelled from the Cominform in 1948, theWestern Powers (Britain, the USA, France) were taking action to counter aperceived Soviet threat. This included the policy of liberating EasternEurope from Communist domination. Tito's expulsion was misinterpreted bythe Western Powers: assuming that Tito had initiated it, the WesternPowers hoped for similar defections by other Communis regimes. Thesowing of discord between the Satellite leaders (including Mao) andStalin became a new facet of the Liberation policy. Yugoslavia wastreated as show-case to demonstrate to Satellite leaders that they couldobtain aid from the West if they ceased to support Stalin.In the case of the European Satellite leaders, this policy was amiscalculation: they had no intention of breaking with Stalin and thealternative of obtaining help from the Western Powers had littlecredibility in view of their anti-Communist propaganda and subversivesecret operations. The Americans for other reasons failed to encourageexisting emancipatory trends among the Chinese Communist leaders.British recognition of Mao's regime was not enough to draw Mao away fromStalin.Yugoslavia's other role was strategic and it gained particularimportance for the West in the context of increased defensive measuresafter the outbreak of the Korean War. The Western Powers gave Yugoslaviaarms and economic aid to strengthen her as a shield for the defence ofNATO territory. Yet Yugoslavia was discouraged from committing herselfto the West by Western reluctance to give away NATO information. Italo-Yugoslav defence co-ordination would have been necessary but was madeimpossible by disagreements about Trieste, also involving the WesternPowers. The Trieste crisis of late 1953 set back Western-Yugoslavrelations significantly, perhaps irretrievably. The ephemeral Balkandefence pact of 1954 between Yugoslavia, Greece and Turkey was nosubstitute, and with the waning of the Soviet threat for Yugoslavia afterStalin's death in 1953 Tito became less interested in defence-cooperationwith the Western Powers.

Type of Award:DPhil Level of Award:Doctoral Awarding Institution: University of Oxford Notes:The digital copy of this thesis has been made available thanks to the generosity of Dr Leonard Polonsky

Bibliographic Details

Issue Date: 1987Identifiers

Urn: uuid:fabf0ed5-37c7-44ba-8908-863fdc824763

Source identifier: 602323477 Item Description

Type: Thesis;

Language: eng Subjects: France Yugoslavia Great Britain United States 1945-1980 Cold War Foreign relations Tiny URL: td:602323477


Autor: Heuser, Beatrice - institutionUniversity of Oxford facultyFaculty of Social Studies - - - - Bibliographic Details Issue Date: 198

Fuente: https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:fabf0ed5-37c7-44ba-8908-863fdc824763


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