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This paper attempts to show that certain structural relations that contribute to creating text in spoken and written monologue also bind segments together in conversation. Methodology is based on a model of text as consisting of sequences of a problem-solution structure. Analysis of texts from 12 purpose-oriented telephone conversations focuses on how macrostructural patterns are jointly created and made clear by the speakers in the course of the interaction. It is shown that speakers use two types of markers to clarify the macrostructure of the conversations: markers signaling the type of component in the problem-solution structure for a given unit, and markers that signal boundaries between units. Most markers of the latter type also focus attention on upcoming talk. Speakers used markers indicating the type of component in more than 50% of the structural units in the conversations, whereas 34% of the boundaries between units are specially marked. (Author/JP)

Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Models, Oral Language, Speech Communication, Telephone Communications Systems, Text Structure, Written Language

Author: Backlund, Ingegerd


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