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Reference: Linderholm, Anna, Spencer, Daisy, Battista, Vincent et al., (2016). A novel MC1R allele for black coat colour reveals the Polynesian ancestry and hybridization patterns of Hawaiian feral pigs. Royal Society Open Science, 3 (160304).Citable link to this page:

 

A novel MC1R allele for black coat colour reveals the Polynesian ancestry and hybridization patterns of Hawaiian feral pigs

Abstract: Pigs (Sus scrofa) have played an important cultural role in Hawaii since Polynesians first introduced them in approximately AD 1200. Additional varieties of pigs were introduced following Captain Cook's arrival in Hawaii in 1778 and it has been suggested that the current pig population may descend primarily, or even exclusively, from European pigs. Although populations of feral pigs today are an important source of recreational hunting on all of the major islands, they also negatively impact native plants and animals. As a result, understanding the origins of these feral pig populations has significant ramifications for discussions concerning conservation management, identity and cultural continuity on the islands. Here, we analysed a neutral mitochondrial marker and a functional nuclear coat colour marker in 57 feral Hawaiian pigs. Through the identification of a new mutation in the MC1R gene that results in black coloration, we demonstrate that Hawaiian feral pigs are mostly the descendants of those originally introduced during Polynesian settlement, though there is evidence for some admixture. As such, extant Hawaiian pigs represent a unique historical lineage that is not exclusively descended from feral pigs of European origin.

Publication status:PublishedPeer Review status:Peer reviewedVersion:Publisher's VersionDate of acceptance:09 August 2016Notes:© 2016 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.

Bibliographic Details

Publisher: The Royal Society

Publisher Website: http://rsob.royalsocietypublishing.org/

Journal: Royal Society Open Sciencesee more from them

Publication Website: http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/

Volume: 3

Issue Date: 07 September 2016Identifiers

Issn: 2054-5703

Uuid: uuid:fdd27539-f87e-419c-b4f2-1f04247642c5

Urn: uri:fdd27539-f87e-419c-b4f2-1f04247642c5

Pubs-id: pubs:641713

Doi: https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.160304 Item Description

Type: journal-article;

Version: Publisher's VersionKeywords: sus scrofa mitochondrial DNA Hawaii feral pigs Pacific colonization

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Autor: Linderholm, Anna - Oxford, SSD, School of Archaeology, Archaeology Institute fundingNatural Environment Research Council grantNum

Fuente: https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:fdd27539-f87e-419c-b4f2-1f04247642c5



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