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School-based alcohol and drug abuse prevention and intervention programs have become an integral part of many school systems in the 1990s. Many such programs employ prevention programs with primary, secondary, or tertiary aspects. In primary prevention, the school district develops a climate conducive to the understanding of alcohol/drug abuse prevention and intervention. Such programs commonly provide staff training, an alcohol/drug curriculum which addresses diverse needs, assistance from school personnel, a student assistance coordinator (SAC) who works with staff, peer counseling, and other measures. In secondary prevention, intervention concentrates on the effects of alcohol or drug abuse on students. This type of prevention involves many aspects: (1) school drug policy is the foundation for intervention; (2) administrative procedures do not need board approval; (3) the SAC takes referrals from staff members and is also consulted on drug/alcohol policy violations; (4) a "Core Team" of school staff discusses questionable students; (5) student counseling groups; and (6) a broad-based employee assistance program. Tertiary prevention, or treatment, is technically not provided by schools but SACs need to be familiar with treatment programs. The SAC can suggest a student be involved in treatment and may help coordinate the services provided by the treatment center and the school. (RJM)

Descriptors: Adolescents, Alcohol Abuse, Children, Counseling, Drug Abuse, Early Intervention, Elementary Secondary Education, Intervention, Prevention, Problem Children, Rehabilitation

Autor: Hadge, Carolyn


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