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For the past 20 years, discussion of issues of ethnic and cultural differences in counselor supervisory relationships in counselor training programs have been polarized between two schools of thought. One says ethnic knowledge and specific sensitivity is important, while the other says that specific social and anthropologic knowledge is essential. The paper stresses three other perspectives. First, a more systematic approach to the big picture of multicultural issues in supervision is essential. Second, effective supervision must be approached as a matter of international development of cognitive complexity. Third, it suggests that a more constructivist approach will facilitate better supervision. A table is included that summarizes the levels of cognitive complexity in operation during multicultural supervision at the supervisor, counselor, and client levels. It states that several complex issues are to be considered when a supervisor and supervisee are of different cultures. Suggestion include: (1) evaluate the developmental level of the supervisee; (2) attempt to see the broad effect of interaction of the cultures and systems on the supervisor and supervisee's life experiences; (3) learn to think with complexity; and (4) do not assume race or other cultural factors are the most salient issues in the supervisee relationship. It includes several examples of supervision cases. (Contains 21 references.) (JDM)

Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Counseling, Cultural Pluralism, Supervision

Autor: MacDonald, Ginger


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