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Reviewing the history and status of accountability efforts in the California Community Colleges (CCC), this document describes three accountability models. Following a brief history of accountability in the state, the accountability model established by 1988's Assembly Bill 1725 is discussed, indicating that colleges are required to report data on student access, student success, student satisfaction, staff composition, and fiscal condition. This section also indicates that the goal of the model is to make data available to all the colleges for use in improving programs and services. The next section focuses on the "CC Family" model, or the local accountability models developed in the state's community colleges, indicating that they examine measures related to access, retention, occupational success, transfer, degree and certificates, and remediation. The third section describes a "CC Critics" model that could be used by agencies outside of the CCCs to gauge effectiveness, suggesting that a "cost per outcome" strategy be used to gauge the colleges' cost-effectiveness in meeting statewide priorities. For each model, sample data from a typical institution in a multi-college district are used to illustrate results. The final section presents conclusions related to the need to work with both internal and external models, acknowledge institutional weaknesses, examine alternatives, and adopt a performance-based funding model that would provide fiscal incentives for improvements. (YKH)

Descriptors: Accountability, College Outcomes Assessment, Community Colleges, Data Analysis, Educational Research, Evaluation Methods, Models, Program Improvement, School Effectiveness, Self Evaluation (Groups), State Programs, Two Year Colleges

Autor: Jones, Janis Cox


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