Growing Up: School, Family, and Area Influences on Adolescents Later Life Chances. CASE Discussion Paper.Reportar como inadecuado

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This study explored the relationships between adult economic outcomes and three key factors during adolescence: schooling, family background, and county of residence. The empirical analysis was based on data covering the period from 1979-1996. Data came from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. The study examined a sample of people ages 14-19 years in 1979. Researchers made estimates on the impact of family, school, and county when growing up on earnings capacity and poverty risk once participants reached adulthood. Overall, family, school, and county of residence, when analyzed separately, each exhibited significant associations with men's and women's outcomes in later life. The size and significance of these effects were very susceptible to controls for the other sets of background factors, indicating the strong link between these different aspects of people's lives when growing up. Family factors had the strongest explanatory power, followed by schooling variables. There was a strong correlation between the characteristics of area of residence and family and school. The results provide evidence that the advantage or disadvantage associated with family background is compounded by young people's experiences in school, and in some cases, area of residence. Tables are appended. (Contains 11 references.) (SM)

Descriptors: Adolescents, Economic Impact, Family Characteristics, Family Influence, Place of Residence, Poverty, School Demography, School Statistics, Secondary Education, Young Adults

Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, England, United Kingdom. Tel: 44 020 7955 6679; Fax: 44 020 7955 6951; e-mail: j.dickson[at] For full text:

Autor: Burgess, Simon; Gardiner, Karen; Propper, Carol


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