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This report to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child contains observations of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) concerning the application of the Convention by Turkey and observations regarding violence against girls in Turkey. The report is presented in three major parts. Part 1 asserts that despite the considerable legal framework for protecting children's rights, there is adequate proof that there are serious deficiencies in Turkey's system of child protection. Observations and recommendations are made in the following areas: (1) definition of a child; (2) torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment; and (3) children in conflict with the law. This part concludes with recommendations related to the discrimination of Kurdish children and girls, treatment of refugee children, torture, and the juvenile justice system. Part 2 focuses on violence against girls in Turkey. This second part details problems related to domestic violence, marital rape, crimes committed against females in the name of "honor," virginity testing, sexual violence, prostitution and trafficking in girls, and state-perpetrated violence against girls. This part concludes with recommendations related to each of the problems discussed. Part 3 provides a summary of observations and recommendations by the U.N. Committee on the Rights of the Child--Turkey, including those related to difficulties in implementation the Convention; civil rights and freedoms; family environment and alternative care; basic health and welfare; education, leisure, and cultural activities; and special protection measures. (KB)

Descriptors: Child Abuse, Child Advocacy, Child Safety, Child Welfare, Childhood Needs, Children, Childrens Rights, Civil Rights Legislation, Compliance (Legal), Females, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Juvenile Justice, Law Enforcement, Refugees, Sexual Abuse, Social Discrimination, Victimization, Violence, Well Being

World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT), P.O. Box 21-8, rue du Vieux-Billard, CH 1211 Geneva 8, Switzerland. Tel: +4122-809-49-39; Fax: +4122-809-49-29; e-mail: omct[at]omct.org; Web site: http://www.omct.org.









Autor: Naqvi, Yasmin

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=8655&id=ED458016



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