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Working Papers in Educational Linguistics, v11 n2 p83-103 Fall-Win 1995

This study investigates if negotiation can affect syntacticization in the learning of second language (L2) syntax. Evidence from a number of studies has suggested that linguistic modification occurs during negotiation, but no research has examined if such modifications assist the learning of syntax in a second language. This study examined to what extent these linguistic modifications affect syntacticization, to what extent do different negotiation moves affect syntacticization, and to what extent does negotiation affect syntacticization over time. Data was collected between November 1993 and June 1994, and experimental/control treatments were contained within 10 sessions as 19 L2 learners (aged 18-47 years) participated in communication tasks with native speakers through a computerized writing conference. Subjects native language backgrounds were Korean and Japanese; their Michigan Placement Test scores ranged from 18-62. Results indicate that negotiation could stimulate syntacticization and sustain the process over time. However, comparisons with one control group showed that syntacticization was independent of the type of treatment given. (Contains 61 references.) (Author/NAV)

Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Discourse Analysis, Language Research, Language Usage, Pragmatics, Second Language Learning, Syntax

Autor: Linnell, Julian


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