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The Second International Mathematics Study was conducted in 20 countries under the sponsorship of the International Association for Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). Among the instruments used in this study was a questionnaire investigating student attitudes about school, instruction, and mathematics. The fit of an a priori model that postulates the relationships between observed responses to sets of items comprising different scales and the latent traits the scales are designed to indicate was studied. The hypothesis of equality of factor structure for boys and girls was also tested. Data were from 13-year-old Canadian students, 2,422 boys and 2,401 girls. The PRELIS computer program was used to compute the polychoric correlations and the asymptotic covariance matrices for the response data, using listwise deletion of missing responses. Analyses made it apparent that most items needed revision, that they had poor reliability, and that they seemed to be measuring a mixture of traits. Insufficient evidence was found concerning the hypothesis that boys and girls had the same factor pattern. The validity of international comparisons from survey responses has not been established. (Contains two figures and three tables.) (SLD)

Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Factor Structure, Foreign Countries, Goodness of Fit, International Education, Models, Questionnaires, Sex Differences, Student Attitudes, Test Items, Test Reliability, Test Use, Test Validity

Autor: Gadalla, Tahany

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=8586&id=ED392841

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