A Study of Arab Students Motivations and Attitudes for Learning English as a Foreign Language.Report as inadecuate

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A study used qualitative and quantitative techniques to investigate Arab university students' motivation for studying English as a second language (ESL), attitudes toward studying English and the English language, attitudes toward Americans and the United States, and future expectations for study of English. Subjects were 15 male and 7 female students from diverse Arabic-speaking backgrounds, all with at least five years of ESL study, studying at Arizona State University. Results revealed a number of categories of motivation for studying English, both before and after arrival in the United States, and also showed gender-related differences in motivation. Attitudes toward study of English fell into nine categories ranging from amusement to resentment; again, some gender differences were found. Attitudes toward methods of English instruction in the home country were generally unfavorable, but were generally favorable toward English instruction in the United States. Attitudes toward Americans and the United States before arrival fell into five categories: attraction; admiration; dislike; fear; and indifference; most students expressed positive feelings. After arrival in the United States, attitudes become more complex and reflected culture conflict and significant adjustment; female attitudes were generally negative. Most felt little need to study English further. (MSE)

Descriptors: Arabs, College Students, English (Second Language), Foreign Students, Higher Education, Interviews, Learning Motivation, Student Attitudes, Student Motivation, Surveys

Author: Suleiman, Mahmoud F.

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=8585&id=ED392279

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