Outdoor Education in an Urban Environment.Report as inadecuate

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In 1995 the streamlined British national curriculum defined outdoor education as "outdoor and adventurous activities" (OAA) and placed it within the physical education (PE) curriculum. However, many PE teachers lack a knowledge of outdoor education and, when faced with limitations in time, resources, facilities, and expertise, may choose alternative options in the national curriculum. This paper shows how PE staff in secondary schools can deliver an OAA program in an urban environment. A program is outlined for a typical secondary school campus in Bedford (England). The activities described could be undertaken in the classroom, gym, "hard area," campus and playing fields, city parks and outlying commons, and the nearby river. With regard to staffing, the PE department must decide whether to use existing staff expertise, train staff to the standard required, or hire an external specialist to cover safety and organizational aspects. The great advantages of an urban-based OAA program are accessibility combined with low costs and the imaginative use of everyday settings and equipment. Constructing programs around such an environment develops lateral thinking and imagination in both students and staff. Seasonal limitations are less of a problem than in wilderness areas, thus allowing for educational progression, continuity of teaching, and cross-curricular links. (Contains 23 references.) (SV)

Descriptors: British National Curriculum, Foreign Countries, Outdoor Education, Physical Education, Secondary Education, Secondary School Curriculum, Urban Education, Urban Environment

Author: Beedie, Paul

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=8516&id=ED471724

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