Developing a Program To Improve Toileting Skills of Prekindergarten Handicapped Students in a Suburban Elementary School.Reportar como inadecuado




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A program was developed to improve the toileting skills of four prekindergarten students (ages 3-5) with developmental delays. A daily toileting chart was employed over a 12-week period. During toileting attempts, each child was encouraged to pull down and pull up pants by using verbal prompts. Success at this activity resulted in placement of a sticker on the child's self-help table. On each toileting occasion, the child was verbally encouraged to attempt to use the toilet, and verbal praise stated what the child had accomplished. Turning on the water and washing hands after using the toilet were also target behaviors. During week 5 of the intervention, the data were examined for patterns in elimination times, or liquids were introduced at specific intervals when no patterns emerged. During week 6, the child was taken to the toilet at the times the child was likely to have to eliminate, and during week seven toileting times were spread further apart. Next, verbal prompts were faded and the child was praised for expressing the need to go to the toilet. A decrease in accidents resulted in no longer using the toileting charts. Sample charts are appended. (Contains 12 references.) (SW)

Descriptors: Behavior Change, Child Behavior, Developmental Delays, Habit Formation, Hygiene, Intervention, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Self Care Skills, Skill Development, Toilet Facilities, Toilet Training











Autor: Kingston, Ellen

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=8392&id=ED385113







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